Saya bukan orang pintar, jadi saya cuma bisa copas, tapi mungkin ini bisa jadi bahan perenungan:
What would falsify evolution?
A central characteristic of science is that it must be falsifiable; this feature of a theory is attributed to Karl Popper, who mentioned it in a criticism of darwinism. Scientific theories cannot be proved outright – they can only fail to be disproved, and this means pointing out what evidence could disprove the theory. If a theory cannot be disproved, such as with Russell's Teapot, it makes no difference whether it is true either way.
Disproving evolution first requires to look at what the theory predicts and see where it can be shown to make incorrect predictions. It is easy to be side-tracked by specifics of the theory, such as individual evolutionary pathways of certain features, and confuse these with what would falsify the overall theory of evolution by natural selection. Indeed, many creationists do this whenever a new discovery is made in biology that causes scientists to rethink some pieces of evolution. To avoid this problem, it is best to be clear what evolution is. It is based on three main principles: variation, heritability and selection. Given these three principles, evolution must occur, and many features of evolution appear given only these three guiding principles. If any of these were shown to be flawed then the theory would be untenable.
Consequently any of the following would destroy the theory:
Charles Darwin made the case a little differently when he said, "If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down. But I can find out no such case."
- If it could be shown that mutations do not occur.
- If it could be shown that, although mutations do occur, they are not passed down through the generations.
- If it could be shown that, although mutations are passed down, no mutation could produce the sort of phenotypic changes that drive natural selection.
- If it could be shown that selection or environmental pressures do not favor the reproductive success of better adapted individuals.
- If it could be shown that even though selection or environmental pressures favor the reproductive success of better adapted individuals, "better adapted individuals" (at any one time) are not shown to change into other species.
Btw, linknya sudah saya tambahkan pada tulisan saya sebelumnya, monggo silahkan dibaca.